Edgar Allan Poe (born January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American poet, author, literary critic and an editor. Together with other authors of his time were collectively known as writers of the Romanticism Movement. He invented the detective fiction genre of literature and he is best remembered as the first American writer who used his solo career of writing to earn a living from it which made his life difficult financially (the literature network (n.p.)).
These other major writers who were part of the American romanticism movement included, Lowell, James Russell (1819-1891), Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth (1807-1882), Whittier, John Greenleaf (1807-1892), Lowell, James Russell (1819-1891), Cooper, James Fenimore (1789-1851), Irving, Washington (1783-1859), Bryant, William Cullen (1794-1878), Wordsworth, William (1770-1850), Melville, Herman (1819-1891), Shelley, Mary (1797-1851), Whitman, Walt (1819-1892), Coleridge, Samuel Taylor (1772-1834), Hawthorne, Nathaniel (1804-1864) (the literature network (n.p.))
Therefore, what influenced Poe’s life was entirely his life background as it is clearly evident in almost all of his literature work. While young he suffered the loss of many of his loved ones. For instance his father abandoned them at the age of one year, and his mother died a year later due to pulmonary TB. Afterwards he was taken by a foster family which spoiled him; he indulged into gambling, and alcohol intake. Hence these experiences coupled with the loss of so many loved ones and an unstable mental state drove him to depression, paranoia and fear, and even a state of social isolation (The Life of Edgar Allen Poe (n.p.)).
It’s also seen that in his poems and short stories carried a gloomy outlook reflects from his gloomy past. For instance in his work entitled The Raven, he converses with a raven only to find that he was alone, this shows how social isolation had affected him (the raven pg 2). Therefore other writers did not affect in any way the work of Poe.
“”The Life of Edgar Allen Poe” Assignment: Read an extended bibliography. Then write an essay in which you explore how the author’s works are a reflection of his/her life..”Get Essays, Research Papers, Term Papers & College Essays Here. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 May 2012. <http://www.writework.com/essay/life-edgar-allen-poe-assignment-read-extended-bibliography>.
Poe, Edgar. The raven. 2 ed. Arizona: BompaCrazy.com, 1933. Print.
“Edgar Allan Poe – Biography and Works. Search Texts, Read Online. Discuss..” The Literature Network: Online classic literature, poems, and quotes. Essays & Summaries. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 May 2012. <http://www.online-literature.com/poe/>.
“Romancticism – Literature Periods & Movements.” The Literature Network: Online classic literature, poems, and quotes. Essays & Summaries. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 May 2012. <http://www.online-literature.com/periods/romanticism.php>